Pakistani mothers have long been considered a target of Islamic State, with the militant group reportedly recruiting them to drive bombs in their country.
But a new report suggests that Pakistani mothers are being recruited to drive as well.
Pakistani authorities say the mothers are doing so because they have no choice but to.
The report by the Pakistan Institute for Development Studies, released in late May, says that women in Pakistan are now driving in order to make ends meet, with some even paying their husbands to do so.
The institute, a non-profit, non-partisan think tank, said it surveyed nearly 2,000 Pakistani women, asking them how they were living.
Some said they were working as maids, cooks, carpenters, and even waiters.
But the vast majority said they needed a little help financially to make it.
The majority also said they had to look for work and find a way to make money for their families.
The researchers found that more than two-thirds of Pakistani mothers, compared with less than one-third of Pakistani men, reported having to go to work.
About a quarter of the mothers had to work in a government agency.
The other quarter of mothers said they would need to look to their husbands for money to support their families and their families’ families.
Only about one-fifth of the women said they felt pressured into working, but the report said that a majority of women said that their husbands had pressured them to do it.
This could be because women who are forced to work have less social support.
About two-fifths of Pakistani women said their husbands often pressured them not to work and had little or no respect for their work ethic, according to the report.
The women in the study said that they had had no choice about whether or not to go out and do their jobs.
The mothers told the researchers that they were worried that their sons and daughters would be killed if they did not go to school or to work, and that their children would suffer if they left.
“The families who work are their sons, their daughters, and their wives,” said the report’s author, Asad Akhtar.
“If we lose them, they lose everything,” he added.
Some women said the pressure from their husbands could be a contributing factor in their work decisions.
“My husband is in charge of my children,” one woman said.
“I have no other choice but go to the factory and work.”
Others said that it was not their decision.
“When I was a young girl, my father pressured me to go into the army.
He was the commander of my battalion and was a great man.
He would say, ‘Go, you will get married and you will make the family money,'” said a woman who identified herself as “Abul.”
“But I did not want to do that,” she said.
But she said she had a hard time going out and working because of her worries about her sons.
“He used to say, when I got married, ‘Your sons will become a lot more proud and brave,'” she said, explaining that she was afraid that if she went out, she would be branded a rebel and her husband would kill her.
She said that her husband threatened her that if they were not married, they would marry someone else.
“They said, ‘If you are married to a man, he will kill you,'” she added.
“And I said, then I will go to your house, where your children are, and beat them to death.”